ca 8000-2000 BC
A people virtually isolated from central Africa occupy the plains of northwestern Africa; tribes of simple farmers and animal herders form
Phoenicians found ports along the north African coastline, a shipping route to Spain.
Late eighth century
Greek colonists compete with Phoenicians for trade and land; gradually Carthage becomes the protector and leader of west Phoenician colonies
Rome becomes the leading city of central Italy; Carthage explores, conquers and colonizes its surrounding African interior
Numidian kingdoms begin to form beyond Carthaginian frontiers
First Punic War
Second Punic War
Roman army invades Africa
Third Punic War. Carthage destroyed. Africa Vetus founded; the rest of Africa is divided between its native kings
Beginning of Africas land exploitation by Roman land speculators.
Jugurthine War; Jugurtha eventually betrayed by King Bocchus of Mauretania; veterans of Roman Army given African land grants.
Caesar defeats the followers of dead Pompey and their ally, King Juba of Numidia; Jubas young son is taken to Rome; Africa Nova founded
Octavian Augustus gives Mauretania to Juba II as a client kingdom
Mid first century after Christ
Beginning of high prosperity for Roman Africa
Spread of olive cultivation and road networks. Africans achieve political influence in Rome
Late third century
Fast spread of Christianity through Numidian countryside
Donatist schism begins
Donatus dies in exile
Donatism officially declared heresy
Goths capture and loot Rome for three days
Council of Carthage condemns the Donatist heresy officially
Invasion of Africa by the Vandals
Vandals seize Carthage
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